September is prostate cancer awareness month and with it comes Australia's Cancer Council 'Get Checked' campaign.
The prostate is a fundamental organ within the male reproduction system, about the size of a walnut. Sitting below the bladder near the rectum, it is attached to the urethra. The male hormone allows the prostate to grow and develop with age. With increasing age this growth can cause difficulty urinating and other aliments, however, these symptoms are not necessarily symptoms of prostate cancer.
These statistic provided by the Prostate Cancer Foundation Australia outline prostate disease's surprising prevalence in Australia.
Getting checked is as simple as a visit to your General Practitioner.
The early stages of prostate cancer show no obvious symptoms. This stage of the disease is when it is most preventable, offering the highest hope for non-evasive treatment and recovery. So don't neglect a check-up, especially if you're in the following demographics vulnerable to prostate problems.
The two key demographics most susceptible to the risks of prostate cancer are men in their forties with a hereditary history of prostate complications and men over the age of fifty.
According to the Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia experiencing the following symptoms are sufficient to get in touch with your Doctor:
This first step in the process of detection is a conventional blood test, where a specific protein is reviewed.
Depending on the prominence of this protein, there may be a need for a follow-up investigation with a specialist, which includes a Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) to assess potential abnormalities with the prostate.
If there are abnormalities, a non-evasive biopsy is required, where a tiny sample is taken of the prostate to be tested. This is the only way for prostate cancer to be diagnosed, and malignant or benign cells are identified.
If caught early on, cancer may be non-aggressive, leaving the greatest chance for treatment and recovery.
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